a Department of Urology, Paediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus Liebig University, Giessen, Germany
b Northern Institute for Cancer Research, Newcastle University, Newcastle Upon Tyne, UK
c Department of Experimental and Clinical medicine, University of Florence, Florence, Italy
d Department of Urology, Santa Chiara Regional Hospital, Trento, Italy
e Department of Urology, Trakya Medical School, Edirne, Turkey
f TB Research Institute, Novosibirsk, Russia
g Jahn Ferenc Dél-pesti Teaching Hospital, Budapest, Hungary
h Department of Urology, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
i S.R. Urology Institute, Moscow, Russia
j Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Glycobiology, Lund University, Lund, Sweden
k Department of Bioinformatics, Technische Hochschule Mittelhessen, Giessen, Germany
l Department of Urology, Oslo University, Oslo, Norway
Corresponding author. Department of Urology, Paediatric Urology and Andrology, Justus-Liebig-University, D-35392 Giessen, Germany. Tel. +49 641 98544500.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
The GPIU Investigators are listed in the Supplementary material.
© 2016 European Association of Urology, Published by Elsevier B.V.