This article explores the options for bladder reconstructive surgery and the role of regenerative medicine and tissue engineering. The indications for bladder reconstructive surgery are explored to complement medical management, which remains the first line for bladder dysfunction. Different strategies for research in tissue engineering of the bladder are discussed.
Options for bladder reconstructive surgery are discussed, including regenerative medicine and tissue engineering.
Keywords: Regenerative medicine, Tissue engineering, Bladder, Reconstructive surgery.
Department of Paediatric Urology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds, UK
Department of Paediatric Urology, Leeds General Infirmary, Great George Street, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK. Tel. +44 113 3926228.
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© 2016 European Association of Urology, Published by Elsevier B.V.