Today, a multiple number of surgical techniques, modifications, and combinations of techniques are used to improve cosmetic and functional outcomes and to minimise the procedure burden for the patient. Nevertheless, controversy exists regarding the ideal management of hypospadias. This update is based on current literature following a systematic review using MEDLINE.
Keywords: Hypospadias, Update, Techniques, Outcomes.
a Department of Paediatric Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria
b Department of Paediatric Urology, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
c Department of Urology, Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, UK
Corresponding author. Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust, Level F, Martin Wing, Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds LS1 3EX, UK. Tel. +447818452603.
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© 2016 Published by Elsevier B.V.