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European UrologyVolume 61, issue 5, pages e41-e52, May 2012
Minimal Effective Dose of Dysport and Botox in a Rat Model of Neurogenic Detrusor Overactivity
Accepted 31 January 2012, Published online 8 February 2012, pages 1054 - 1061
Two botulinum toxins A have been evaluated for the treatment of refractory neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) in humans: Dysport (abobotulinumtoxinA) and Botox (onabotulinumtoxinA). However, these two distinct commercialized products have different potency units and are not interchangeable.
Assessment of the dose response and determination of minimal effective dose (MED) for Dysport and Botox in spinal cord–injured (SCI) rats with NDO.
Design, setting, and participants
Female, adult, Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 98) underwent T8-T9 spinal cord transection. Nineteen days after spinal cord injury, rats received intradetrusor injections (25 μl injected, eight sites) of vehicle (V); Dysport 2, 5, 7.5, 10, and 12.5 U; and Botox 0.8, 2, 5, 7.5, and 10 U. Two days after injection, continuous cystometry was performed in conscious rats.
Voiding contractions (VC) were assessed by duration of VC, intercontraction interval, voided volume, maximal pressure, pressure threshold change, and intravesical baseline pressure (BP), while nonvoiding contractions (NVC) were evaluated by amplitude, frequency, and volume threshold to elicit NVC. MEDs for Dysport and Botox were determined by analysis of variance step-down trend test.
Results and limitations
MEDs for Dysport and Botox were 10 U and 7.5 U, respectively. Regarding VC, only BP significantly decreased after 10 U Dysport and 7.5 U Botox compared to V (from 3.7 ± 0.6 to 1.5 ± 0.1 and 1.4 ± 0.3 mm Hg, respectively; p < 0.01 and p < 0.001, respectively). Dysport (10 U) and Botox (7.5 U) significantly inhibited NVC by decreasing their amplitude (from 7.4 ± 1.1 to 5.8 ± 0.5 and 5.4 ± 0.6 mm Hg, respectively; p < 0.05); frequency (from 2.2 ± 0.4 to 1.5 ± 0.2 and 1.3 ± 0.3 NVC per minute, respectively; p < 0.01); and increasing volume threshold to elicit NVC (from 29.8 ± 3.7 to 47.6 ± 6.9 and 47.7 ± 6.3%, respectively; p < 0.05 and p < 0.001, respectively).
This is the first preclinical dose-ranging study with Dysport and Botox under standardized conditions showing similar inhibiting effects on NDO, albeit at different MEDs. It highlights the importance of distinguishing each preparation for predicted outcomes and doses to be used. Further studies in patients with NDO are warranted to confirm these experimental results.
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