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European UrologyVolume 61, issue 5, pages e41-e52, May 2012
Laparoendoscopic Single-Site and Conventional Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy Result in Equivalent Surgical Trauma: Preliminary Results of a Single-Centre Retrospective Controlled Study
Accepted 24 January 2012, Published online 1 February 2012, pages 1048 - 1053
Laparoendoscopic single-site surgery (LESS) has been developed in an attempt to further reduce the morbidity and scarring associated with surgical intervention, and it has been proposed to result in less induced surgical trauma than conventional laparoscopy.
Investigate the surgical trauma after LESS radical nephrectomy (LESS-RN) and laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN).
Design, setting, and participants
This was a retrospective single-centre study including 66 patients: 31 patients underwent LESS-RN and 35 historical control patients who had undergone LRN. LRNs were performed between April 2008 and May 2009; LESS-RNs were performed between May 2009 and February 2011.
LESS-RN and LRN were both performed via a transperitoneal access. Blood samples were collected pre- and intraoperatively at 6, 24, and 48 h, and at 5 d postoperatively.
Serum concentrations of acute-phase markers, C-reactive protein (CRP), serum amyloid A (SAA) antibody, and interleukin 6 (IL-6) and interleukin 10 (IL-10) were measured at each time point by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Clinical data were collected by reviewing the patient's records.
Results and limitations
There were no differences in serum CRP and SAA levels between the groups (CRP: p = 0.12; SAA: p = 0.09) at all time points. The changes in IL-6 levels in the LRN group were statistically significantly higher compared with the LESS-RN group at 6 h after surgery (p = 0.02), whereas the LESS-RN group showed statistically significantly higher IL-6 levels than the LRN group at 24 h after surgery (p = 0.02).
Also, the serum levels of the anti-inflammatory cytokine IL-10 showed different kinetics in each group, being higher in the LESS-RN during the early postoperative phase (at 6 h: p = 0.01) and higher in the LRN group at 48 h after surgery (p = 0.01). The limitations of this study were its nonrandomized character and the small cohort of patients.
LESS-RN is as effective as LRN without compromising surgical and postoperative outcomes, but it does not add any significant advantage in comparison with traditional LRN in terms of systemic stress response and surgical trauma.
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