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European UrologyVolume 49, issue 5, pages 767-938, May 2006
Oncologic Outcome and Continence Recovery after Laparoscopic Radical Prostatectomy: 3 Years’ Follow-Up in a “Second Generation Center”
Accepted 25 January 2006, Published online 17 February 2006, pages 859 - 865
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in major centers guarantees oncologic and functional results equal to open procedures. In our institution this operation was introduced in 2001 after an adequate training in laparoscopic surgery. We report the oncologic and functional results after 3 years of experience.
We considered our first 150 patients that had undergone transperitoneal laparoscopic radical prostatectomy. The following parameters were prospectively collected and analyzed: pathological findings, surgical margins, surgical time, blood loss, hospital stay, catheterization, complications, oncologic follow-up and continence.
Single positive surgical margins were observed in 26 patients (17.3%) and multiple positive margins in 15 patients (10%). The rates of positive margins in organ confined tumors (pT2a/b) were 11.3%. Preoperative PSA > 10 ng/ml (Chi-square p < 0.01), pathological stage > pT2 (Chi-square p < 0.001) and Gleason score > 6 (Chi-square p < 0.01) were significantly correlated with positive margins. Major complications occurred in 16 patients (10.7%). The total recurrence rate is 11.7%. The continence rate at 12 months is 91.7%.with 44.3% of patients completely continent at the moment of catheter removal.
Laparoscopic radical prostatectomy in now a well codified operation that, after an adequate training, could be learned and reproduced safely. Actually this is our first choice surgical approach in patients with localized prostate cancer.
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